បេះដូង ឬ ខួរក្បាល?​ (Heart or Brain?)

ជាទូទៅ មនុស្សយើងតែងតែត្រូវជ្រើសរើសយកផ្លូវជីវិតដើម្បីដើរដោយខ្លួនឯង មិនថាវាជាផ្លូវមួយដ៏លំបាក ពោពេញទៅដោយឧបសគ្គប៉ុណ្ណាក៏ដោយ ។ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែពេលដែលយើងជ្រើសរើសនូវផ្លូវនោះ តើអ្នកភាគច្រើនគិតពី មនោសញ្ចេតនា សេរីភាព ការស្រលាញ់ និង សុបិន្តខ្លួន ឬ អ្នកជ្រើសរើសនៅអ្វីដែលសង្គមជុំវិញខ្លួនចង់ឲ្យអ្នកដើរ? ពេលនោះ តើអ្នកនិងគិតយ៉ាងណា? 

បេះដូង​ ឬ ខួរក្បាល?

ដោយស្មេរ រស់ អេនចលលី

អរុណរះឡើងហើយ មនុស្សម្នាទាំងអស់ភ្ញាក់ពីដំណេក និង រស់នៅតាម សមាជីវោរៀងៗខ្លួន។ ពួកយើងរស់នៅរកសុីចិញ្ចឹមជីវិតដោយមិនសូវយកចិត្តទុកដាក់អំពីសុខភាពនិងខ្លួនប្រាណរបស់យើង

ខ្លាំងនោះទេពីព្រោះការសិក្សារ ការងារ និង​​ ការរកសុីផ្សេងៗដែលធ្វើឲ្យជីវិតរបស់យើង រវល់និងការងារ និង កាតព្វកិច្ចផ្សេងៗដែលត្រូវបំពេញ ។ ជារៀងរាល់ថ្ងៃ យើងមិនសូវយកចិត្តទុកដាក់និង សមទ្ធភាព ដ៏អស្ច្ារ្យដែលខួរក្បាលយើងអាចធ្វើនោះទេយើងប៊ិះនិងភ្លេចទៅហើយថាគ្រប់សកម្មភាព ដែលយើងធ្វើ ទាំងអស់សុទ្ធតែត្រូវបានបញ្ជាពីលោកប្រុសខួរក្បាលដ៏អស្ចារ្យរបស់យើង។ ចំណែកឯ អារម្មណ៏ មនោសញ្ចេតនា និង ការស្រលាញ់ ស្អប់ ការមើលថែគ្នាទៅវិញទៅមក នៅក្នុងជីវិតយើងវិញ គឺ សុទ្ធតែគេជឿថា ត្រូវបានបញ្ជាមកពីសំណាក់ កញ្ញាបេះដូងកំហូច ។ ពេលខ្លះ នាងបញ្ជាអារម្មណ៏យើង ឲ្យឈ្លក់វង្វេង ឲ្យកើតទុក្ខ សប្បាយ រំភើប តាមតែចិត្តគាត់ ។ ដូច្នោះហើយ ឥឡូវនេះ ពួកយើងនឹងចូលទៅក្នុងជីវិតប្រចាំថ្ងៃរបស់ លោក​ប្រុសខួរក្បាល និង កញ្ញាបេះដូង។

កញ្ញាបេះដូង (ខ្ញុំជាមនុស្សឧស្សាហ៏ជាងគេក្នុងមួយខ្លួនប្រាណនេះ មានតែខ្ញុំទេដែលធ្វើការ ២៤ម៉ោង លើ ២៤ម៉ោង ជារៀងរាល់ថ្ងៃ ខែ ឆ្នាំ ដើម្បីធ្វើឲ្យលំហូរឈាមក្នុងរាងកាយដំណើរការ ។ ខ្ញុំពិតជាមានមោទនភាពនិងខ្លួនឯងណាស់ ពីព្រោះខ្ញុំ ជាមនុស្សសំខាន់ ជាងគេក្នុងក្រុមហ៊ុននៃខ្លួន មនុស្សនេះ។ ខ្ញុំធ្វើការហត់ តែមិនដែលត្អូញត្អែទេ ។ អ្នកគិតមើលទៅ ពេលគេផ្សេងគេង សម្រាក នៅពេលយប់ ក្រោយពីថ្ងៃដ៏ហត់នឿយមួយ ខ្ញុំនៅតែត្រូវខំប្រឹងធ្វើការ តែខ្ញុំនៅតែស្រលាញ់ការងារខ្ញុំ ពីព្រោះក្រៅពីការលោតចុះឡើងៗដើម្បីឲ្យមានចង្វាក់បេះដូងនោះ ខ្ញុំក៏មានតួនាទីសំខាន់ដែរ គឺការបង្កើតអារម្មណ៏ មនោសញ្ចេតនាផ្សេងៗ។ ដូចជាពេលដែល នរណាម្នាក់រៀបនិងសម្រេចចិត្តអ្វី

មួយ ខ្ញុំតែងតែលើកហេតុផល មនោសញ្ចេតនាផ្សេងៗ មកឲ្យគេស្តាប់ពិចារណា។ ពេលខ្លះគេក៏ធ្វើតាមខ្ញុំ តែពេលខ្លះគេក៏ថា រឿងមនោសញ្ចេតនាពីបេះដូង ទុកមួយឡែកសិន សំខាន់

ទៅស្តាប់អនុសាសន៏របស់ លោកប្រុសខួរក្បាលវិញទៅ វាមានប្រយោជន៏ជាង។ ខ្ញុំក៏បានត្រឹមខូចចិត្ត

អង្គុយយំម្នាក់ឯងទៅ ។ ដូច្នោះហើយបានជា លោកប្រុសខួរក្បាល និង ខ្ញុំ ភាគច្រើន មិនដែលត្រូវគ្នាទាល់តែសោះ អាចថាជាសត្រូវ ក៏ថាបានដែរ។ ខ្ញុំស្អប់ណាស់ ម្នាក់ខួរក្បាល

កំហូច និង កំពូលល្បិចមួយនេះ!

លោកប្រុសខួរក្បាល: ​យី! ម្តិចមកថាឲ្យខ្ញុំដូច្នេះ! ខ្ញុំជាមនុស្សម្នាក់ដែលមានទំនួលខុសត្រូវខ្ពស់ ចេះគិតវែងឆ្ងាយ ល្អិតល្អន់ ច្បាស់លាស់ មិនគិតតែពីរឿងមនោសញ្ចេតនាស្អីគេនោះទេ។ បើសិនជា

អ្នកគ្រប់គ្នាជឿខ្ញុំនោះ ខ្ញុំជឿថា អ្នកនិងប្រាកដជាជ្រេីសរើសជម្រើសដែលត្រឹមត្រូវបំផុតហើយ ពីព្រោះ

ខ្ញុំជាមនុស្សត្រឹមត្រូវ មានហេតុផលជាក់ស្តែង​ មិនគិតពីអារម្មណ៏រញ៉េរញ៉ៃដូចកញ្ញាបេះដូងនោះឡើយ។

ខ្ញុំក៏ធ្វើការជាច្រើនម៉ោងដែរ ដល់ថ្នាក់ក្តៅខ្លួនចេញផ្សែងទៅហើយ ក៏គេនៅតែប្រើឲ្យធ្វើការ ទទួលទិន្នន័យ ជារៀងរាល់នាទី។

កញ្ញាបេះដូង ចុះលោកបងលោកប្រុសខួរក្បាលដែលមានគិតពី សេចក្តីស្រមៃពីកុមារភាព

គិតពីទំនាក់ទំនង មិត្តភាពជាមួយមិត្តភ័ក្តិ និង អត្ថន័យនៃគ្រួសារដែរឬទេ? ហេតុអ្វី គ្រាន់តែលឺគេនិយាយ

ថា ការងារមានប្រាក់ខែច្រើន តែត្រូវចាកចោល មិត្តភ័ក្តិនិង គ្រួសារ ក៏ខំប្រឹងទៅដែរ មិនគិតពីបេះដូងខ្លួនឯង​ដែល ធ្លាប់មានក្តីស្រមៃធ្វើការងារដែលខ្លួនស្រលាញ់ ពេញចិត្ត តែបែជា ឈ្លក់

វង្វេងនិងទឹកលុយ បុណ្យសក្តិនោះទៅវិញ?

លោកប្រុសខួរក្បាល ចុះកញ្ញាមានបានគិតវិញទេថា បើសិនជាគ្មានទឹកលុយ បុណ្យសក្តិ និង មុខតំណែង ទេនោះ តើជីវិតមនុស្សទៅជាយ៉ាងណា? វាមាន សេចក្តីសុខ​ និង​ សុភមង្គលដែរឬទេ? ជាពិសេស មានម្ហូបញុាំឆ្ងាញ់ៗ គេហដ្ឋានរស់នៅល្អ ដែរឬទេ? នាងដូចជាភ្លេចរឿងនេះអស់ទៅហើយទេហេ? ដូច្នេះហើយ ខ្ញុំសូមលើកទឹកចិត្តឲ្យមនុស្សគ្រប់រូប

ជ្រើសរើសយកខ្ញុំ។

កញ្ញាបេះដូង ទេ!​ ទេ! ជ្រើសយកខ្ញុំវិញ! ខ្ញុំជាមនុស្សដែលយល់សុខទុក្ខអ្នកដរទៃ មិនចេះកេងប្រវ័ញ្ចជនណាឡើយ។

លោកប្រុសខួរក្បាល កុំជឿគាត់!​ ជ្រើសរើសយកខ្ញុំវិញ! ដឹងតែចំណេញច្រើនតែម្តង ហើយមានលុយ ល្បីល្បាញ មានមុខមាត់ទៀត!

កញ្ញាបេះដូង តែដោយគ្មានសេរីភាព ភាពសប្បាយរីករាយ ស្រស់បំព្រង នោះឡើយ ជាពិសេស គ្មាន មនោសញ្ចេតនា និង មិត្តភ័ក្តិ ឬ គ្រួសារទៀត។

មនុស្ស ហឺយ! ខ្ញុំឈីក្បាល និង​ ហត់នឹងស្តាប់អ្នកទាំងពីទៀតណាស់! បេះដូងក៏មានន័យ ខួរក្បាលក៏មានហេតុផល។ មិនដឹងជាជឿអ្នកណាឲ្យប្រាកដទេ។ បើសិនអ្នកជាខ្ញុំ អ្នកនិងរើសយកមួយណា? មនោសញ្ចេតនា សេចក្តីស្រលាញ់ មិត្តភាព សេរីភាព ឬក៏ ទឹកលុយ បុណ្យសក្តិ មុខតំណែងខ្ពស់ និង ភាពល្បីល្បាញ? បើសិនជាអ្នករើសមួយ តើជីវិតអ្នកនិងទៅជាយ៉ាង

ណា? មានសេចក្តីសុខ ឬ ពោពេញទៅដោយភាពស្តាយក្រោយ? ពេលនេះ ឱកាសនៅនឹងមុខអ្នកហើយ

តើអ្នកនឹងចាប់យកវាឬក៏ ព្រលែងវាចោលដោយសាភាពភ័យខ្លាច និឹងរស់នៅក្នុងទីងងឹត និងតាម យដ្ឋាកម្ម? បើខ្ញុំវិញ ខ្ញុំនិង ជ្រើសរើសយក បេះដូង តែ ខ្ញុំក៏មិនភ្លេចយកខួរក្បាលដាក់ចូលក្នុងហោប៉ៅ

ដែរ ក្រែងលដើរវង្វេងផ្លូវ​។ 🙂

Children Must Have The Right and Access to Education (Argumentative Essay)

Angely Rose                                                                                                                                      `12/12th/2018

Children Must Have The Right and Access to Education

There is a quote from Nelson Mandela who is the former president of South Africa: “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. This quote is really true and that is the reason why all children deserve the right and access to quality education. Unfortunately, According to the United Nations Sustainable Development website, “Over 265 million children are currently out of school and 22% of them are of primary school age”. This statistic bespeaks that there is a huge amount of young children around the world who still need help getting a decent education. One of the main reasons for lack of quality education is that some developing countries are having the struggle to give every single child the access to quality tutoring due to poverty and other emergencies that the countries need to handle. Furthermore, the need for quality teaching caused by “the lack of well-trained tutors, inequality problems related to the opportunity provided to rural children and girls, and the impoverished conditions of schools ”(United Nations). However, I firmly consider education as a prominent right that all children must have.  Although education requires a lot of money and time, every single child that is in the age of going to school must have access to and the right to education. Education for a young child is extremely crucial for empowering individuals and help them to reach their best potential, reducing poverty, and benefits of future economic growth.

Although education depends heavily upon inclusive finance, offering education to the young generation can reduce poverty in the impoverished community. To demonstrate, in many developing countries, poverty is one of the main problems that people are dealing with. Poverty is the state of extreme sufficient in the financial field. The problem is that the shortage of money can affect and lead to other problems including low access to education, clean water, and nutrition, hunger, etc. However, by offering adequate tutoring to children, it can reduce poverty and give many benefits to our society in nearly all aspects which is the key to sustainable development. Villa Kulid, Director General of Norad, gave a speech about education and how it can help to reduce poverty as well as other problems. He observes that “One year of education is associated with a 10% increase in wages”. (Kulid) This fact shows that education has a huge power to enlarge the wages of the workers. Education can boost incomes for citizens and giving the consequence of dwindled poverty.  Furthermore,“A newly published paper by UNESCO shows that education is critical to escape chronic poverty and to prevent the transmission of poverty between generations.”, as demonstrated by Kulid’s speech. This statement has indicated that education is a major factor to decrease poverty in different generations and communities. Education has the power to let individuals find their potential and help their community, boosting incomes and decrease poverty.

Another reason that explains why education is essential to us is that it is a considerable factor that can help to determine how blooming the economy of a country is.  Investopedia, which is an international website edited by writers who are financial experts and advisors since 1999, also discusses education impact on the economy. Investopedia observes that “globalization and international trades depend upon the competitive economy between countries. Therefore, each country needs to have a buoyant economy that is supported by decent education.” Brent Redcliff, who has years of experiences in digital marketing, analytics, a freelance writer for Investopedia and currently works as an analytic manager in Accenture, wrote an article titled, “How Education And Training Affect the Economy” that was published in March 2018. Brent Redcliff wrote that a “resilient economy has the capability of operating different industries that can compete with international standards. To meet this standard, we need a lot of scholars who possess the skills and knowledge to build a powerful workforce. What’s more, it also helps with employment within the country as well. In fact, the employment rates in different countries are based on the education levels of their citizens” (data.oecd.org, 2018). In conclusion, education is needed in order to create a prosperous economy in a country.

What is even more important than helping to boost the economy and lower the poverty rates, education can leave remarkable impacts on each individual life of those young children. By delivering education access to children, it gives them a huge opportunity to find their potential, dreams, passions, and talents which they will live upon and pursue further throughout their lives. To put it in another way, Education has the capability of empowering individuals and gives them the chance to reach their greatest potential which can help to reduce inequality in society. After they found out their passions and talents, they can pursue a career that can further support their communities and countries. A great example of that is a Pakistani teacher named Mohammud Ayub that has committed his life teaching other people the basic subjects including math, English, etc. He is a Pakistani scholar that used his knowledge that he had gained to spread and help his community back. He has made a big difference in each student’s life that he taught and the community around him. (Associated Press and Newsela Staff) In addition, the process of education that includes many subjects including Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math will give guidance for student’s passion, prepare them for obstacles and improve student’s critical thinking skills. In scmp.com, UChicago professor says that “STEM help to prepare students for the future that awaits. Education in schools is imperative for children to find their passions, potentials, and talents which can reduce inequality and lead to sustainable developments in communities.”

In conclusion, Education for children is an essential field for development in each country though it requires money and time. In addition, it helps to reduce inequality, poverty, boost the prosperity of the economy, and empowers those individual children who are educated to help their community and society back. By offering the right and access to quality education for children, it is a huge profit for everyone in nearly all aspects, including the community, country, family, and individuals. Therefore, the right and access to quality education is exceedingly an important right that every and single child around the globe deserve to have in spite of any conditions or situations that they are under. There are a lot of works to be done in order to help all children in the world to gain access to quality education

Works Cited:

https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/education/

4 Quality EducationUN.org 12/7/2018  

https://newsela.com/read/pakistan-teacher/id/8162/

Associated Press and Newsela staff, “Pakistani man teaches poor kids in a park, keeps promise to his dying dad.” 03/27/2015. 12/7/2018

https://www.investopedia.com/articles/economics/09/education-training-advantages.asp

Brent, Radcliffe, “How Education and Training Affect the EconomyInvestopedia.com Dec 5, 2018. 12/7/2018

https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/education/article/2156080/how-stem-education-can-help-hong-kong-children-live-their

How STEM education can help Hong Kong children to live their dreams SCMP.com Friday, 20 July 2018. 12/7/2018

https://norad.no/en/front/about-norad/news/role-of-education-in-ending-extreme-poverty–taking-a-global-lead/

Villa, Kulid, “Role of Education in ending extreme poverty – Taking a global leadNorad.no   11.11.2014. 12/7/2018

 

 

The Use of the Python Programming Language

This is our last round learning the Python programming language. After we have studied all of the rules and technical writing of the programming language, we have set our hands on real practice projects that are both fun, interactive and helpful for our studies.

We have been learning about lists in python for weeks, as a result, students get the opportunity to practice it in a project. For example, I have worked on a program that can randomly appoint random names and put them into different teams. This project can be used for users who want random groups when they insert the names of all the players in. As an example, I insert the name of the students of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry and the program can divide them into different teams randomly.

Credit: Pen Installations

This is just a simple example of a small program that the programming language can help us to create, but there are a million of ideas and solutions that programmers can invent and program to help solve global issues in an eco-friendly way which can result in a better place to live for all of us. Our civilizations will be much more developed with advanced-technology and applications that are made from different programming languages. Technology and programming teach us how to be more innovative to create creative solutions for our world.

ការសិក្សារទាក់ទងអំពីដើមកំណើតភាសាខ្មែរ និង កវី ឬបណ្ឌិតកម្ពុជា

កុលបុត្រ កុលធីតាខ្មែរគ្រប់រូបពិតជាមានសំណាង ពីព្រោះយើងមានប្រទេសមួយដែលពោពេញទៅដោយ កិត្តិនាមល្បីល្បាញ ទាក់ទងពីវប្បធម៍ អរិយធម៍ ប្រាង្គសិលា ប្រាសាទបុរាណពេញពេញប្រទេស ។ សូម្បីតែ

នាមប្រទេសយើង​ កម្ពុជាមានន័យជ្រាលជ្រៅអនេក ។ បើយោងទៅតាមវចនានុក្រមរបស់សម្តេចសង្ឈរាជ

ជួន ណាត ពាក្យកម្ពុជា គីមានដើមកំណើតពី ពីរពាក្យ គឺ កម្ពុ និង ពាក្យ ជា ។​ ពាក្យកម្ពុ មានន័យថា មាស និង ពាក្យ ជ ឬ ជា​ មានន័យថា កំណើត ឬ​ កើត ។ ដូច្នេះ​ បានសេចក្តីថា ពាក្យថា កម្ពុជា មានន័យថា ទីដែលសម្បូរ

ទៅដោយវត្ថុមានតម្លៃដូចជារ៉ែមាស ជាដើម ។ នេះក៏អាចពន្យល់ទាក់ទងពីពាក្យដែលយើងតែងតែហៅប្រទេស

យើងថាជាដែនដី សុវណ្ណភូមិ គឺមកពីពាក្យទាំងពីរនេះបូកចូលគ្នានេះហើយ ។

យើងក៏អាចហៅប្រទេសយើងតាមនាមទាំងអស់នេះបានដែរ (កម្ពុជរដ្ឋ កម្ពុជប្រទេស ខេមរប្រទេស ឬ ខេមររដ្ឋ)។

បើនិយាយពីដើមកំណើតនៃភាសាខ្មែរវិញ អាយុកាលនៃអក្សរសាស្ត្រខ្មែរមានអាយុរាប់ពាន់ឆ្នាំមកហើយ ។ បណ្ឌិត និង កវីកម្ពុជាដ៏ល្បីល្បាញមានវត្តមាននៅលើដែនដីសុវណ្ណភូមិនេះជាយូរណាស់មកហើយ ។ កាលនៅសម័យអង្គរ បណ្ឌិត និងកវីកម្ពុជាមានដូចជា បណ្ឌិត សិវ សោម (រឿង មហាភារតៈ សិលាចារឹក – ប្រាសាទកណ្តោល)បណ្ឌិត យតិអមរ ភាវៈ(សិលាចារឹក – ភ្នំបាយ័ង្ក) ។ល។​ តមកដល់ជំនាន់ក្រោយៗ មានបណ្ឌិត និង កវីជាច្រើនទៀតដូចជា  ព្រះអង្គដួង (ចម្ប៉ាថោង រឿងកាកី ច្បាប់ស្រី មហាវេស្សន្តរ(ពាក្យកំរងកែវ) ភិក្ខុសោម (រឿង ទុំទាវ រឿង ផ្ការាំទឹករាំ) ភិរម្យង៉ុយ (ច្បាប់ល្បើកថ្មី កេរកាលថ្មី សេចក្តីរំលឹកដាស់តឿន ពាក្យកាព្យប្រដៅទូន្មាន ជនប្រុសស្រី) រួមទាំងវត្តមានកវី និង
បណ្ឌិតខ្មែរជាច្រើនទៀត ។

ដោយហេតុប្រទេសកម្ពុជាគឺជាប្រទេសដែលមានភាពរុងរឿងល្បីល្បាញខាងផ្នែកវប្បធម៏ អរិយធម៏ និងអក្សរសាស្រ្តដូច្នេះហើយ ប្រជាជនខ្មែរគ្រប់រូបគួរតែមានដួងចិត្តក្នុងការថែរក្សា គាំពា វីស័យទាំងអស់នេះឲ្យបានជារឿងរហូតទៅ ។

 

The Beauty of Wilderness and What Can We Learn From It

In this modern civilization of technology, urbanized citizens live in a city full of infrastructures, carrying their career stress everywhere they go. In this busy world, People tend to forget about their true passions, dreams, and happiness.

 

Documenting my observing of nature down

That is why being outdoor is important, not only to your refreshed feelings but also to your own development as a person. How you can learn and explore new things in a wild environment, how you can find new interests in a different lifestyle, how you can make beautiful memories and just let ourselves be close to a calming paradise. In nature, there’s a million wonders for you to discover, about yourselves, about people around you and about the beautiful world you live in.

In the exploration ‘Outdoor Leadership’, I have experienced many new interesting ways to be in nature and learned many important skills as well.

Traditional Cooking

Many habits that we do for granted in our daily lives are done in a different way in outdoors and all of the things that we have convenient access to is hard to find; therefore, we need to learn how to adapt to this new environment.

When we are in the city, people live in buildings, houses or huge apartments, but in nature, we camp and sleep in a tent.

Some of the fundamental skills we learned are how to set up tents, make fire & collect firewoods, cook food and more by our own which I really enjoyed doing during our trip because I felt like I am being responsible for my team and actually get to live in a very different lifestyle.

Wilderness Rescuer Training

Imagine if you or someone in your team encounters a sudden health problem that requires immediate evacuation. It would be not as stressful when you can just call the ambulance right away, but when you are outdoor, you need to deal with it in a completely different way. Even if you can call the ambulance, they would take a very long time to come, so what can you do during your waiting? This situation is one of the most common causes of death in Cambodia when people do not know the right way to help a patient when there’s an emergency. After getting trained about all of the emergency wilderness first aid, we all know how to help the patient before the evacuation comes including how to check for the pulse, major bleeding, deformities, serious injuries. How to make sure that the environment is safe and comfortable. We have practiced all of these skills during our trip to Mondulkiri.

Exploring Birds

Besides all of the things I have learned, it is as important to be aware of your interests, particularly of how it has changed before and after being outdoor. For me, I have developed several new interests and passions after going trekking in Mondulkiri. I become more interested about staying or trekking in nature, camping, cooking, being a wilderness rescuer, trying new things in different environments (some of the examples are: phnong food cooking, rescue scenarios, trekking and camping in a new wilderness place)

Overall, it was a successful trip with all three of my goals accomplished at the end (my three goals are: to be more comfortable in nature, push myself to the limits and to find beauty in nature. I have learned many new things and discovered my own passions, interests and what nature means to me,  learn to be comfortable in the uncomfortable

 

Look beyond the sky, Dance with the moon, Enjoy the rhythm of the stars and See the beauty of life ” – Angely Rose

 

FLL Robotics Competition, An Experience of a Lifetime

As the world has revolutionized greatly by new inventions of Technology, It is crucial to study and understand further into the field. In the present days, there are great inventions that can help humanity with our daily lives, including different applications, hardware, software, and robots.

FLL (First Lego League) is a robotic competition that inspires and empowers students from all around the world to code robots and do scientific researches to compete together in Singapore.

The Field of Missions for the Robot to complete

This year, I am one of the participants that involve in the FLL Robotics Competition 2019, theme: Into Orbit.  The three main components of the competition include programming, project researching, and core values. For the programming part, I have been involved with technical skills which are Coding the Robot by using the EV3 program. To prepare for the competition, My team and I also need to research on a problem that astronauts face during long-term explorations within our solar system.

The topic that we chose was ‘Circadian Rhythm’ which refers to the unfamiliar pattern of habits astronauts face when they go up

Our Team’s Robot

into space. Circadian refers to the human biological clock of living organisms that controls all of the hormonal releases and other functions of our body that works by using the light that is detected from the optic nerve. On Earth, the 24-hour cycle is valid and continuous which makes our body circadian clock works well according to the cycle of sunsets and sunrises. However, environments up in space like inside the international space station (ISS) has a different pattern of lighting. A day inside the ISS, there are 16 sunrises and sunsets a day (1 per 45 minutes) which really messes up the astronaut’s circadian rhythm and gives them side effects on their health including the rise of acids in the stomach, wrong hormonal releases which can lead to headaches and other health problems.

After analyzing the problems, we have come up with a solution to help astronauts deal with this problem better, which is to create an artificial 24-hours cycle of day and night time to help adjust the astronaut’s biological clock to work better. To implement the solution in spaceships, we are planning to use a type of glass that has high capability to prevent light so that we can keep the spaceship dark for 12 hours to make it seems like night. For the 12-hours day time, we are going to use a special type of lamp which os the LED lamp because it has special effects on the astronaut’s environment.

The week of the competition came, and we flew to Singapore to stay there for a week with our host families. There, I have learned about a newly industrializing country, especially its continuous development of infrastructures and technology. We visited a company called ‘Cloudera’ to study business management and tech development in the entrepreneur world. 

A Team Spirit Moment

After all of the hard works we have put in for the presentation and the robot runs in this competition with hundreds of other teams, my team (LLA 1) had won an award ‘Overseas Best Performing Team’ and received a lego trophy and one medal for each member.

Business Management Session

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overall, this exploration was a wonderful learning experience and I appreciate all of the opportunities and achievements we had throughout this amazing journey. 

 

 

pH Level: Acids and Bases

Acids and Bases are important, not only in the science world, in the industrial world and other fields as well. The different ranges of acids and bases are identified as the pH (Potential of Hydrogen) level.

All though Acids and Bases might be similar in some ways, there are huge differences between them.  One of the differences is that Acid produces positive hydrogen ions when dissolved in water, making it to be able to conduct electricity because of those charged particles in the solutions.  Whereas base produces negative hydroxide ion when dissolved in water.

In the industrial world, Acids and bases are important because a variety of products contain these two. For example, sulfuric acids are used to manufacture detergent, paper, and paint. Soaps contain a type of base called Potassium Hydroxide. Bases are also found in many cleaning products, concrete or deodorants.

The Acids and Bases also plays a role to balance the pH level in our body to ensure great health. If the pH level is unbalanced, it will cause some health problems. Unbalanced pH level can cause stomach ache due to the rise of acidity. Unbalanced pH level in the brain can cause depression, moodiness, memory loss, hallucinations, anxiety, and restlessness

We can easily detect acids or base by using the indicator, which can be a red litmus. The indicator will change color according to the level of Ph that comes to contact with it. To further test and study this theory, we have done a PH test of different substances including:

  1. Lime juice
  2. Vinegar
  3. Lime Soda
  4. Water
  5. Toothpaste
  6. Baking Soda
  7. Bleach

We have used red cabbage solution as the indicator. Here is a photo we got after adding each substance into a plastic cup and what it had changed when we put the indicator in.

The photo of Substances with no Indicators (By Bopha) 
The photo of substances when Indicator is put in.

This experiment shows how substances change their property when it comes to contact with the indicator (cabbage solution). 

 

Philosophies of Happiness (Literacy Theme)

Shutterstock

Life is all about happiness. Beautiful memories, wonderful people you have met, glorious days, delightful moments in nature. All of these is what makes our life bright and worth living. Some people might argue that life contains more dark moments than happiness, But I say, without that darkness, happiness can’t shine. Life would not be complete without some tough times.

In this round, the theme for literacy class is ‘Happiness’. To discover deeply about happiness, how can we achieve happiness,  and what does it mean to us and other people, We’ve read and study a lot of poems & writing pieces from famous authors and watched a lot of films related to the topic.

As we discussed and study deeper into the topic, we have found some interesting facts about happiness related to money, social bonds, nature, and enjoyment.

CNBC.com

Talking about Happiness, there are a lot of assumptions that most people tend to make about it, one of which is that money can buy happiness. According to a study titled:  Waiting for Merlot: Anticipatory Consumption of Experiential and Material Purchases which they surveyed a lot of random people and the result is surprising. People got excited about both product purchases and experiential purchases. But they tended to feel more positive about experiential purchases, and their feelings about material purchases were more likely to be tinged with feelings of impatience. Which means experiential purchases can have a more positive impact on the person’s feeling and social connections.

A 32-year-old mother of seven children during the great depression (Wikipedia)

There are many ways to achieve happiness according to the situation we are in. For instance, during the great depression, achieving happiness is unlikely and very hard due to the severe effects, it put on the citizens. In order to be happy, citizens can escape to another happy world through arts, culture, and music. They can watch movies that they can relate too or listen to entertaining kinds of music. All of these helped Americans to feel more positive besides the complex and frustrating situation in the country. This showcases that, even in the darkest of time, happiness can be found if only one remember how to turn on the light (1).

Many famous poets use poetry as a way to capture their happiness and to express their delightful moment. Many poems capture the emotional range of the poets and their philosophy of life. Some of the poems are: “Truth By Nikki Grimes”, ‘I Wandered Lonely As a Cloud By William Wordsworth’, ‘From Blossoms by Li-Young Lee’.

Goalcast

The philosophy I took out from ‘I Wandered Lonely As a Cloud’ and ‘From Blossoms’  is to spend more time with nature. We need to look deep to see the beauty, the meanings and the sensation that nature gives to us. We can just let ourselves enjoy the view, forget the darkness and welcome the beautiful feelings that nature offers to us. Be grateful for the moment that you have with nature and save it as a beautiful memory. Because life is short and one day, someone is going to take away these beautiful days from us, so make it meaningful and value every moment you know that makes you happy. Hold onto every beautiful memory as life goes on.  

(1): A quote from Albus Dumbledore, Character from Harry Potter Series written by J.K Rowling

Leading a skill-building ASE

Being a leader, survival in the lack of resources, communication, collaboration and working as a team, respect, sharing and listening. These are the qualities that change agents ought to be able to display under different circumstances. In order to practice and learn more about these skills and qualities, I and another junior student (Kimhor) led an ASE (After_School_Extensions)  called IDY (I_Dare_You) that involves other 8 students. The ASE main goal is to help students to be able to express their own skills through different challenges and missions. For example, in the second week of the ASE, we arranged a bike trip to the neighboring community with all of the participants. The participants have to complete a mission where they need to go and ask the villagers for drinks due to their lack of money. Because most of them are dehydrated and tired from the long bike ride, they worked as a team and tried their best to communicate with the villagers with respect to get these drinks. They tried many different strategies including offering to help with chores, entertain the villagers by singing, dancing with them, etc.

Participants doing Chores for Drinks
Participants help villagers with their daily work

Throughout the course of this ASE, they continued doing these types of missions, interview and listen to different people, interact with each other through fun games and challenges. The final project that we want the participants to finish is creating a journal or memoir that reflects the whole ASE where they can also put in the stories of different people they interviewed. Overall, leading this ASE is a success and I am looking forward to be seeing these qualities grow even the course is finished. 

An amazing team photo

Carbon and the Black Snake Experiment

Carbon is an extraordinary element that can combine with itself and many other elements to create a huge range of compounds. It is a non-metal element that has four valence electrons that are involved in different chemical bonds. It is the most important element for living things. Carbon-based compounds in living things are called biochemical compounds. They make up the cells and tissues of organisms and also involves important processes to support life including making and using food to make energy. Pure Carbon exists as crystals in three forms, fullerenes, diamond and graphite. Though Carbon can form with many elements, it mostly bonds with Hydrogen to create a type of compound called Hydrocarbon.

Hydrocarbons: Hydrocarbons are compounds that only consist of hydrogen and carbon atoms. It mostly comes from several main sources including coal, fossil fuels, petroleum, and natural gas. The size of the hydrocarbon’s molecule can determine its property. Therefore, some hydrocarbons are gas, solid or liquid at room temperature. There are two different types of hydrocarbons: Saturated and Unsaturated. Saturated are those hydrocarbons with a single bonding between carbon atoms and Unsaturated has two or more bondings between carbon atoms. Hydrocarbons are really important to our civilization because it is used mostly as fuels and for manufacturing plastics which are major parts of the modern cities. There is a total of 8 hydrocarbons with different names and properties.

Isomers: Isomers are compounds that contain the same amount and types of molecules but they are arranged differently. They usually have somewhat different properties especially the difference in melting points.

Learning More of Carbon: The Black Snake experiment

In order to understand more about the properties of Carbon, we did an experiment called The Black Snake.

MATERIALS

  1. Bowl
  2. Some Sand
  3. Alcohol
  4. Baking Soda
  5. Some Sugar

PROCEDURE

  1. Mix the sugar with the baking soda (put the sugar more than the baking soda)
  2. Put some sand into the bow that is wrapped with an aluminum sheet
  3. Put the mixture of sugar and the baking soda into the center of the sand.
  4. Put some alcohol around the mountain of the mixture
  5. Throw a match into the bowl and wait for the black snake to come out.

DATA

Object

Facts

 
Sugar The simplest type of sugar is called glucose which contains Carbon.  
Carbon Dioxide Carbon Dioxide is a colorless gas that forms between the bonding between Carbon and Oxygen. Carbon can burn and combine with oxygen to make Carbon Dioxide.  

 

CONCLUSION

Baking Soda is Sodium Bicarbonate. When combined with acid and a liquid, it produces carbon dioxide gas. Sugar also contains carbon. When we put the alcohol into the mixture of baking soda and sugar and flame it with a match, the burned carbon will produce the carbon ash that we can see as the black snake that comes out and it is pushed or  enlarged by Carbon Dioxide that produced from the reaction between carbon items in the sugar, baking soda, and alcohol. (it is the reason why cooks use baking soda to bake because when it reacts with any type of acid or liquid, it will produce carbon dioxide which enlarges the dough). In addition, the alcohol helps to produce the constant flames that heated up the mixture.

REFERENCES

  1. https://www.quora.com/Is-baking-soda-the-same-as-corn-starch
  2. https://www.finecooking.com/article/baking-soda-and-baking-powder
  3. https://www.ck12.org/book/CK-12-Physical-Science-For-Middle-School/section/9.2/